BYLAWS OF THE MOUNT ROSE REPUBLICAN WOMEN ARTICLE I – NAME The legal name of this club shall be Mount Rose Republican Women, hereinafter referred to as “Club”. The Club may also be more commonly known as Mt. Rose Republican Women (MRRW). This Club is affiliated with the Nevada Federation of Republican Women (NvFRW) and with the National Federation of Republican Women (NFRW) and, as such, is classified and regulated under IRS code 527. Federal Identification number 26-1910537. ARTICLE II - OBJECTIVES The Objectives of this Club shall be to: A. Increase the effectiveness of women in the cause of good government; B. Disseminate information to all members; C. Inform the public through political education and activity; D. Foster loyalty to the Republican Party at all levels of government; E. Promote the principles of the Republican Party; F. Work for Republican candidates in all elections, including nonpartisan elections; G. Support the objectives and policies of the Republican National Committee, the Nevada GOP, the Washoe County GOP, Nevada Federation of Republican Woman, and the National Federation of Republican Women; H. Promote cooperation among Republican women’s clubs; and I. Perform any lawful activity not inconsistent with the foregoing. ARTICLE III – POLICIES Section 1. ENDORSEMENT POLICY. The Club as a whole and any member of its Executive BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 2 of 11 Committee shall not publicly endorse any candidate for public office in contested Republican primaries, runoff elections, and special elections, and/or non-partisan elections when more than one Republican is in the race. Individual members of this organization may work for the candidate of their choice in contested Republican primaries, but not in the name of the Club or Federation. Section 2. SPLIT TICKET. Neither the Club nor an individual member shall advocate a split ticket, support an opposition party candidate, or act against the NFRW or NvFRW policies and bylaws. Section 3. OTHER ORGANIATIONS. The Club shall not affiliate with any political organization which is not officially recognized as working in concert with the NvFRW, the NFRW and the Republican National Committee. Section 4. STANDING RULES. Rules related to the general administration of the Club which will not require a 2/3 vote of the Membership to adopt or amend. Standing Rules can be adopted and amended by majority (51%) of a quorum of the Board. The current Standing Rules and Bylaws will be made available to the general Membership on the club’s website. ARTICLE IV – MEMBERSHIP Section 1. PRIMARY MEMBERSHIP A. Any Republican woman who believes in the philosophy of the Republican Party and supports the objectives and policies of this organization shall be eligible for membership. B. A member in good standing shall be a member who has paid the required dues for the current calendar year. C. The Board may grant Honorary Memberships on an annual basis. The Republican First Lady of Nevada will automatically become an honorary associate member of the Club. The Republican Woman Governor of Nevada will automatically become an honorary associate member of the Club. Section 2. ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP A. Any woman who is a primary member of another Federated Women's club who supports the objectives and policies of this club shall be eligible to become an BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 3 of 11 associate member upon payment of required annual dues. B. Associate members cannot hold office, cannot make motions, and cannot vote. C. Republican men may be associate members but cannot make motions, cannot hold office, cannot have a voice, and cannot vote. ARTICLE V – DUES Section 1. FISCAL YEAR. The fiscal year shall be from January 1 through December 31. Section 2. MEMBERSHIP DUES. Membership dues are fully enumerated in the Standing Rules. ARTICLE VI - ELECTED OFFICERS AND DUTIES Section 1. ELECTED OFFICERS. The Elected Officers of this club shall be a President, First Vice President, Second Vice President, Recording Secretary, and Treasurer. The Elected Officers and the immediate Past President comprise the Executive Committee Section 2. TERM. The term of the Elected Officers will be two years OR UNTIL THE ELECTED OFFICER’S SUCCESSOR IS ELECTED. It should be noted that, “Officers may be removed from office at the pleasure of the membership as provided in the parliamentary authority.” Term commences January 1 of the year following the election. Section 3. SUCCESSOR. Any Elected Officer may be removed from office before their term expires by adoption of a motion to do so. The vote required for adoption of such a motion is (a) a two-thirds vote; (b) by a majority vote when previous notice has been given; or by (c) a vote of the majority of the entire membership—any one of which will suffice. A successor may thereafter be elected for the remainder of the term. See Robert’s Rules of Order Newly Revised. Section 4. VACANCY. A vacancy in the office of President shall be filled by the First Vice President. All other vacancies in Elected Office shall be filled by election by the Board at the first meeting following the creation of the vacancy. The newly Elected Officer will complete the term of the original officer. Section 5. ELECTION. The Elected Officers shall be elected at the October Member meeting. BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 4 of 11 Elected Officers may run for a second consecutive term, however may not run for more than two terms for the same office. Elected Officers can only serve in one elected capacity. Section 6. DUTES OF THE ELECTED OFFICERS SET FORTH IN HEREIN A. President: 1. Preside at all meetings of the Club, Executive Committee, and the Board. 2. Represent the Club, or appoint a representative, to NvFRW and NFRW functions, except when an elected delegate is required. 3. Appoint all Standing Committee Chairs excluding the Nominating Committee. 4. Appoint all Special Committee Chairs. 5. Appoint all non-voting Special Appointment Chairs. 6. Be an ex -officio member of all committees except the Nominating Committee and the Financial Review/Audit Committee. 7. Appoint a Financial Review/Auditing committee in October. 8. Submit Board approved Bylaws to website and Board approved Budget to the general Membership at the January general meeting. 9. Review the newsletter before publishing and additions to website. 10.Have final authority over all printed material except the Nominating Committee and the Financial Review/Audit report. B. First Vice President: 1. Perform the duties of the President in her absence. 2. Arrange speakers for monthly programs. 3. Oversee facilities arrangements for monthly meetings. 4. Prepare and send invitations to dinner meetings. 5. Forward notices upon President's request to members. 6. Oversee committees at President's direction. 7. Assume the office of President if it becomes vacant. 8. Perform other duties assigned by the President. 9. Keep a current Inventory and location of Club Property (portable microphone, etc.). C. Second Vice President: 1. Perform the duties of the First Vice President in her absence. 2. Serve as Membership Chairman. 3. Keep current roster of Members. BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 5 of 11 4. Notify Members of delinquent dues. 5. Submit a list of Members with their dues to the Treasurer. 6. Give a current list of Members to the Treasurer. 7. Be responsible for membership promotion and growth. 8. Handle RSVP's for meetings and special events. 9. Perform other duties assigned by the President. D. Recording Secretary: 1. Keep the minutes of all meetings of the Club, Executive Committee, and the Board. 2. Submit Board approved Bylaw amendments to the Bylaw Chair. 3. Record motions carried at general Meetings in the minutes of the next Board meeting. 4. Keep a record of attendance at all Board meetings. 5. Notify all Board Members of meetings including an agenda. 6. Include copies of the Treasurer’s Report and all Committee reports in the Board minutes. 7. Submit complete minutes to the President within seven (7) days of the Board meeting. 8. Perform other duties assigned by the President. E. Treasurer: 1. Be custodian of all funds of the Club including credit/debit cards. 2. Sign all Club checks. 3. Bonding shall be available when feasible and the Club shall pay fees. 4. Disburse funds as directed by the Board per the approved budget and any items voted on by the Board or Membership. 5. Have checks over $500.00 co-signed by one (1) of two (2) other authorized signatures on the Club's accounts currently the President or Recording Secretary, as-well-as, the Treasurer. 6. Keep printed copies of bank statements which include copies of canceled checks. 7. Submit the books for an annual audit. 8. Provide a written financial report at all Board meetings including a beginning balance; revenues received; disbursements; checks not yet cleared; and the ending bank balance. 9. Submit a copy of the bank statement with the Treasurer’s report. 10. Pay annual dues per member to NvFRW Treasurer, as required, including a current club roster with complete contact information with payment. BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 6 of 11 11.Pay to NFRW a onetime service charge of $15.00. It will accompany the first quarter report. 12.Submit and provide copies of the quarterly NvFRW reports to the board. 13.Be an ex-officio member of the Budget and Finance Review/Audit Committees. 14.Perform other duties assigned by the President. Section 7. RECORDS. All Officers and all Committee Chairs shall deliver all records, files, and properties of the Club to their successors upon vacating office unless otherwise directed by the President or the Board. ARTICLE VII – MEETINGS Section 1. REGULAR CLUB MEMBER MEETINGS A minimum of Eight (8) regular meetings shall be held during the Club year. These meetings shall be held as decided by the Executive Committee. A quorum at Member Club meetings shall be a majority of the regular members present (51%) per the current membership roster. At least fourteen (14) days’ notice shall be given to all members for regular meetings. Usual time and place of regular Club Member meetings are stated in the Standing Rules. Section 2. SPECIAL CLUB MEMBER MEETINGS. Special Club Member meetings may be called by the President upon the request of three members of the Board or upon the request by 20% of the Members of the Club. The purpose of the meetings shall be stated in the call, with no other business to be transacted at the meeting. At least a five (5) days’ notice shall be given to all members for any special meeting. Meetings may be held electronically. Section 3. ANNUAL MEETING. The OCTOBER regular club member meeting will be designated as the Annual Meeting. Elections will be held at the October Annual meeting. Section 4. INSTALLATION OF OFFICERS AND APPROVAL OF THE BUDGET. The JANUARY regular club member meeting will include installation of officers and approval of the Budget. Further details can be found in the Standing Rules. Section 5. SPECIAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETINGS. On rare occasions, special meetings consisting solely of the Executive Committee can be called by the President, or called upon a quorum of the Executive Board, to hear delicate matters such as disciplinary actions. These BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 7 of 11 special meetings are not open to other Board members nor to the general Membership. Section 6. BOARD MEETINGS. Meetings of the entire Board, including Standing Committee Chairs, Special Committee Chairs, and Special Appointees, will be held once a month or as directed by the President with at least a fourteen (14) days’ prior notice. Board meetings are open to all Members; however, only Board Members can make motions or vote. Usual time and place of Board meetings are stated in the Standing Rules. Section 7. VOTING. A vote of the Club, the Board, or the Executive Committee may be conducted by mail, telephone, fax, or email. A non-response to the mailed, telephoned, faxed, or emailed vote will be considered an affirmative vote. The Club can vote on a motion during a regular social club meeting, provided there is participation by a quorum of the Club’s Members. Only revisions and amendments to the Bylaws require a two-third (2/3) vote of the Membership per the current membership roster. The vote shall be entered into the minutes at the Board’s next regular meeting. Section 8. NOTICE. Notice for all meetings may be mailed or sent electronically. ARTICLE VIII – THE BOARD Section 1. COMPOSITION. The Board of this club shall consist of: A. The Elected Officers also referred to as the Executive Committee; B. The Immediate Past President also part of the Executive Committee; C. The Standing Committee Chairs; and D. The non-voting Special Committee Chairs. Section 2. VOLUNTEERS. All Board Members are volunteers. Board Members do not receive compensation of any kind. All Board Members will be primary members in good standing. Section 3. DUTIES. The Board shall transact necessary business between meetings of the Club and perform other duties as assigned by the Club. The Board has “full power and authority” to handle the affairs of the Club between membership meetings. Section 4. REQUIRED DUTIES. Required duties of the Board include, but are certainly not limited to, completion of an annual Financial Review/Audit; maintenance of the Bylaws; formulation of a Budget. At a general Member meeting, the Board will present to the BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 8 of 11 Membership (1) restated Bylaws incorporating all prior approved amendments, (delivered to membership via email) and (2) a Budget for approval by a majority vote of the Membership. The Financial Review/Audit report is not presented to the general membership. Section 5. STEWARDS. Every Board Member is a steward of the Club and, as such, must always consider the Club’s welfare and the Club’s best interests when transacting the business of the Club. Section 6. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST. Board members may be Officers or Board Members or Associates/Members of other organizations. However, should a matter concerning the “other organization” come before the MRRW Board, the conflicted Officer(s)/Board Member(s) must recuse themselves from any vote or action. Section 7. QUORUM. A majority of voting members of the Board shall constitute a quorum. [Wording required if a quorum is a percentage of Board Members: Vacant voting positions will not be counted toward a quorum. Non-voting Special Committee Chairs and nonvoting special appointments will not be counted toward a quorum.] ARTICLE IX - COMMITTEES Section 1. STANDING COMMITEES—VOTING MEMBERS OF THE BOARD A. The Standing Committees of this club shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Executive Board and shall serve at the pleasure of the President for the term of the President. B. Standing Committee Chairs are voting members of the Board. C. Elected Officers may be appointed to chair Standing Committees but will only have one vote on the Board. D. The Standing Committees will be: Legislative; Bylaws [mandatory]; Campaign Activities; Fund Raising; Membership; Newsletter, E Communication, Budget and Finance, Public Relations, Americanism, Literacy, Caring for America, Fund Raising, Hospitality, and any other committee as the Board shall deem necessary to carry on the work of the club. BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 9 of 11 E. Some of the duties of Standing Committees are stated in the Standing Rules. Section 2. SPECIAL COMMITTEES—NON-VOTING MEMBERS OF THE BOARD A. The President may appoint Special Committees, subject to the approval of the Executive Board, at any time as it may become necessary. The Special Committee Chair shall serve at the pleasure of the President for the term of the President. B. Special Committee Chairs are not voting members of the Board. C. Elected Officers may be appointed to chair Special Committees. D. Special Committees include: Financial Review and Audit [mandatory]; Nominating [mandatory]; Awards; Chairman of a fund raiser or specific event, and other committees as may be needed. Section 3. EX-OFFICIO SPECIAL COMMITTEE MEMBERS. The President shall be an ex-officio member of all special committees except the Nominating and Financial Review/Audit Committees. The President shall have final authority over all printed materials. Section 4. NON-VOTING SPECIAL APPOINTMENTS. The President may appoint, with the approval of the Board, a Corresponding Secretary, a Parliamentarian, a Chaplain, and an Historian who will serve at the pleasure of the President for the term of the President. The President and the Board will direct and assign duties for the Special Appointments in accordance with custom and/or as delineated in the Standing Rules. ARTICLE X- NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS Section 1. NOMINATIONS. A. A Nominating Committee of a minimum of 2 regular, shall be elected by the Club no later than July of each club election year. The Committee shall elect its own Chair. The Parliamentarian will instruct the Nominating Committee as to proper procedure and will be available for further counsel if required; B. The Nominating Committee shall report a slate of one candidate for each office at the general meeting in September of each year, at least 30 days prior to the October Annual election meeting. All nominees shall be primary members in good BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 10 of 11 standing in the club and advise the Nominating Committee, in writing, of positions or associations with other organizations or other possible conflicts of interest prior to nomination and shall give written consent to serve if elected. Nominations from the floor shall be in order following the report of the Nominating Committee and just before the election; and C. Nominating Committee members shall not succeed themselves. Section 2. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. A. Elections may be by voice vote at the October Annual Meeting of the Club. However, if there is more than one nominee for any office, the election for that office may be by ballot. Ballots to be tabulated and the results announced at the meeting. A plurality of votes of Members in attendance at the October Annual Meeting of the Club will elect; B. No officer may simultaneously run for more than one office; and C. Officers may run for a second consecutive term. ARTICLE XI - STATE FEDERATION CONVENTION DELEGATES The President or her representative is automatically a delegate to the State Convention. The Club shall use the current NVFRW bylaws for specifics on delegates. ARTICLE XII – NATIONAL FEDERATION CONVENTION DELEGATES The President or her representative may attend the National Convention to represent the Club. The Club shall use the current NFRW bylaws for specifics on delegates and delegates-at-large. ARTICLE XIII – REIMBURSEMENT OF CONVENTION EXPENSES In that member participation in the State and/or National Federation Conventions is not mandatory, it follows that reimbursement (limited or otherwise) of expenses for Club Officers or Club delegates to attend the conventions is not an obligation of the Club. However, the Board may also decide to reimburse the President or other representative for a portion, or all of the expenses related to those functions. The NvFRW & NFRW Bylaws’ reimbursement BYLAWS *Pending General Membership approval* Last Revised: 6/7/21 Page 11 of 11 guidelines will be followed, as applicable. ARTICLE XIV - PARLIAMENTARY AUTHORITY Robert's Rules of Order, Newly Revised, shall govern the Club in all instances where they are applicable and in which they are not inconsistent with these Bylaws, NFRW bylaws, NFRW bylaws, and any special rules of order. ARTICLE XV- AMENDMENTS Proposed Bylaw revisions or amendments must be approved by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the Board and revisions or amendments to these bylaws must also be ratified by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the General Membership. Such revisions or amendments shall be emailed to the current General Membership. A non-response to the emailed documents within 10 days will be considered an affirmative vote. Only revisions and amendments to the Bylaws require a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the Membership per the current membership roster. The vote shall be entered into the minutes at the Board’s next regular meeting. . ARTICLE XVI – DISSOLUTION This club may be dissolved by a two-thirds vote at any regular or special meeting of the club; provided such notice of the dissolution has been submitted in writing at least thirty (30) days prior and has been sent to all members of the club. In the event of dissolution, the Executive Committee shall, after payment of all liabilities of the club, distribute any remaining assets to the NVFRW. No funds shall be distributed to any member or officer of the club. The right to use the name of a dissolved club shall revert to the NVFRW.
STANDING RULES OF THE MOUNT ROSE REPUBLICAN WOMEN Standing Rules are related to the general administration of the Club and are intended to clarify and compliment the MRRW Bylaws. Standing Rules can be adopted and amended by a simple majority of a quorum of the voting Board. Standing Rules do not need to be ratified by the general Membership nor do amendments to the Standing Rules made during the year need to be submitted to Members. Restated Standing Rules will be made available to the general Membership on the Clubs website.
ARTICLE I – DUES Section 1. MEMBERSHIP DUES. A. The dues of the Club shall be payable at the beginning of each fiscal year and are delinquent on February 1 at which time Membership will be suspended until payment of dues. Membership will be considered revoked if dues are not paid by March 1. B. Only Members who have paid their dues are considered “in good standing”. C. Any Member joining the Club after June 30th shall pay prorated due. D. Annual dues are $45.00 (forty-five dollars) for Full Members and Associate annual dues are $20.00 (twenty dollars). E. There will be no refund of dues.
Section 2. CHARTER CLUB MEMBERSHIP. The payment of Full Member Club dues includes membership in the NvFRW and the NFRW. Association dues do not include membership in the NvFRW or the NFRW, nor allow a vote.
Section 3. REMITTANCE OF CHARTER CLUB DUES. Dues as set forth in the NvFRW bylaws shall be paid to the NvFRW Treasurer per the current NvFRW by laws. The first payment shall be for not less than ten (10) members and shall include the National service charge.
Section 4. FORMS REQUIRED WITH CHARTER DUES. Dues payments to the NvFRW shall be accompanied by the current membership roster consisting of Full Members in good standing only. A copy shall be sent to the NVFRW President, Treasurer, and Recording Secretary. All rosters shall contain Full Members’ names, addresses, telephone numbers, emails, and a list of MRRW’s current officers.
Section 5. ALLOCATION OF DUES. Dues may be used to support any item on the approved Budget as decided by a majority vote of the Board. ARTICLE II - ELECTED OFFICERS AND DUTIES Section 1. DUTIES OF THE ELECTED OFFICERS SET FORTH IN BYLAWS ARTICLE III – MEETINGS
Section 1. REGULAR CLUB MEMBER MEETINGS. Meetings will be held on the last Wednesday of each month at 6:00 pm at Location as arranged by First Vice President. Club social meetings will cost the amount voted on by the board to cover meals without a loss. Cost for non-members will be $5.00 more.
Section 4. INSTALLATION OF OFFICERS AND APPROVAL OF BYLAWS if amended AND BUDGET. The following will be presented to the general Members at the January general meeting: Tentative Budget for Membership approval which includes last year’s budget and last year’s actuals; Bylaws stating No Amendments OR Restated Bylaws incorporating all amendments approved through the year for general Membership approval; Standing Rules which require no action by the general Membership.
Section 5. BOARD MEETINGS. Meetings of the Board will be held on the first Tuesday of every month or as called by the President, at a time and place to be determined. ARTICLE IV – COMMITTEES Section 1. DUTES OF STANDING COMMITTEES A. Bylaws Committee: The Bylaws Committee is a required duty of the Board. The Bylaws Committee is responsible for the maintenance of the Club’s Bylaws and responsible for ensuring proper procedure for amendments. Amendments to the Bylaws must have a two-third (2/3) vote of approval by the Board prior to being submitted for a two-third (2/3) vote of approval by the general Full Membership per the current Standing Rules Last Revised: 6/7/2021 Membership roster. Unamended or Amended/Restated Bylaws will be available on our website and any amendments to ByLaws shall be provided to the membership via email, with lack of response within 15 days being deemed approval. A copy of the approved Bylaws will be submitted to the NvFRW Bylaw Committee B. Campaign Committee: The Campaign Activity Committee shall provide Club members, and the community, with information about Republican candidates at all levels. This includes being the source of information on candidates including name of campaign manager and lobbyist, phone number, upcoming event schedule, etc. She should have copies of printed materials on candidates available for members at Club Meetings. C. Fundraising Committee: The Fundraising Committee will oversee the Club's fundraising. Each committee member should know why the Club is raising money and be able to explain the goals in concise terms to prospective donors. The Fundraising Chairman shall organize the committee and be capable of drafting budgets, tracking donations, and planning new programs designed to generate funds. D. Legislative and Research Committee: The Legislative and Research Committee will research specific issues or bills pending before the Legislature in order to provide Club members with current information providing an opportunity to influence policy. E. Membership Committee: An energetic Membership Committee is essential, and everyone must be alert to a potential new member. Effective membership recruitment is a sales job. Membership is an ongoing program that requires the participation of every member of the Club. F. Program Committee: The Program Committee shall be responsible for planning programs and projects that relate to the Club's objectives and the purposes of the NvFRW and NFRW. G. Public Relations Committee: The Public Relations Committee is responsible for building a relationship with the news media and our community. They oversee generating the Club's newsletter and publicizing Club events. The Public Relations Chairman shall be the public information officer for the Club.
Section 2. DUTIES OF THE SPECIAL COMMITTEES A. Hospitality Chairman: Hospitality is responsible for arranging the meeting place, the refreshments, and the welcoming of new members and guests. Standing Rules Last Revised: B. Budget Chairman: Preparation and submittal of a yearly budget is a required duty of the Board. The Budget Chairman will coordinate with the Treasurer to prepare and submit a budget—including last year’s approved budget; last year’s actuals, and the current year’s proposed budget—for approval by the Board and the general Membership at their respective January meetings. C. Financial Review/Audit Committee: This is a required duty of the Board. The purpose of the Financial Review/Audit Committee is to ensure that the Board is pursing best practices in the management of the Club: Using standard accounting procedures and complying with regulations; preparing and approving a Budget; keeping accurate Board minutes and preserving records; maintaining the Bylaws; identifying and protecting Club property. The Financial Review/Audit Committee is tasked with making recommendations for improvement where it may be needed. The Committee’s annual report will be presented to the Board in a timely manner so that newly Elected Officers will have an opportunity to review the report and examine documents before their installation in January. D. Awards Chairman: Awards is responsible for the Club's participation in the NvFRW and the NFRW's awards programs. E. Resolutions Chairman: Resolutions is responsible for any resolutions that may be proposed by members for Club action. Resolutions are to express the opinion, wish, or resolve of the Club. F. Caring for America Chairman: Caring for America institutes community service projects for the Club. Caring for America is based on the belief that problems can be solved more effectively through the generosity and combined energies of individuals than through dependency on government programs. G. Americanism Chairman: Americanism has the responsibility of inspiring respect for the American flag and our Country. Traditionally, she leads the Pledge of Allegiance at all Club meetings. Section 3. DUTIES OF NON-VOTING SPECIAL APPOINTMENTS A. Parliamentarian: Parliamentarian’s first duty is to advise the President based on experience and knowledge of parliamentary procedure as outlined in Robert's Rules of Order. B. Chaplain: The duties of the Chaplain are to give the invocation and, if used, the benediction at the meetings and other events as directed by the President. C. Historian: Historian is responsible for keeping an official historical record of all Club activities.